This is a reproductive hormone that is known for its role in the development and the maintenance of early pregnancy. It is produced by the cells that are around the developing embryo. Over time the cells form the placenta which is essential for the fetal growth and development. It can be detected in the range of 7-9 days after the fertilization. This is usually forms when the embryo is implanting itself to the womb. It is what is usually used when performing the pregnancy tests. It is also the hormone responsible for ensuring that the endometrium is ready for the embryo.
How long is the human gonadotropin detectable?
HCG is normally produced by trophoblast cells that are located around the developing embryo. This usually starts occurring 5 days after fertilization has taken place. This the subsequent days the production of the hormone usually doubles for the variation of 2-3 days. This is with the respect to the development of the embryo and the placenta. At 6 weeks of the pregnancy this is usually at the peak, after which the level will reduce. They will however be still detectable even throughout the pregnancy. After the full development of placenta it will begin producing progesterone. HCG can also be supplemented, through drops or pills. Learn more about real hcg drops here.
The importance human chorionicgonadotropin
The production of progesterone is usually undertaken by the corpus luteum in the initial stages of the development of the pregnancy. This is essential in ensuring the endometrium is strong and thick enough for the implantation of the embryo. This prevents menstruation and ensures that the embryo is implanted in the womb. After this the human chorionic gonadotropin hormone will take over the production of the progesterone production in the placenta. It also increases the blood supply into the uterus and helps in the reshaping of the uterus lining for implantation.
The effects of excessive human chorionic gonadotropin
The excessive production of HCG is not very common but can usually be indication of increased size or proliferation of the placenta which also known as
hydatidiform moles. They may lead to cases of cancer in some instances. It is also sometimes associated with other cases of cancer like; lung, breast, kidney and gastrointestinal cancer. In most of these instances it can be used in testing the level of HCG in the blood or urine to determine the presence of some cancerous cells. There are also the predicted cases of Down’s syndrome when it is noted that it is present during pregnancy.
Effects of low levels of the human chorionic gonadotropin
Having explore the roles that this hormone usually play in ensuring that there is successful pregnancy and also ensuring that they pregnancy sails through the three trimester and eventually lead to birth; less HCG usually lead to failed pregnancy. It is therefore note in most of the cases of ectopic pregnancies that are usually never carried to term. In other instance it also leads to the miscarriage of pregnancy this is because there is no sufficient production of HCG to ensure that the embryo is implanted.
The link between Down’s syndrome and Human Chorionic Gonadotropin
According to some recent studies there is evidence that there is a link between increased levels of human chorionic pregnancy and Down’s syndrome birth. There is two times more chance of having Down’s syndrome pregnancy when there are high levels of HCG than when there is enough. Although this is not entire exhaustively studies because the presence of the high levels of the hormone does not cause Down’s syndrome which is usually a genetic condition.
Therefore the role of the HCG during pregnancy is very important in making sure that pregnancy is carried to term. This is by ensuring the placenta is able to remain healthy and thick and hence ensuring the embryo gets the nutrient it requires. This is by ensuring that immediately the egg is fertilized and the embryo is implanted the corpus luteum stops producing the progesterone which is then taken over by the placenta.